It is used to show that a work has been done. It has already been completed and the same is over now.

For Example :

  • Sam has painted a picture.
  • Boys have finished their homework.

In this tense the words “has” & “have” are used with third form of verb.




  • With First person, Second person singular and plural and third person plural ‘have’ is used with third form of verb.
  • With third person singular ‘has’ is used with third form of verb.

For Example :

  • I have written a letter to him.
  • He has committed a mistake.
  • Children have finished their work.
  • We have taken our meals.


In negative sentences with ‘has & have’ not and third form of verb is used.

For Example:

  • Boys have not gone to school today.
  • She has not done her work.
  • I have not taken my meals today.
  • You have not made any mistake.


In Interrogative sentences

  • For First Person,second person singular and plural and third person plural the word have is used before subject.
  • For third person singular the word has.
  • At the end of the sentence Interrogative sign is used.


For Example:

  • Has he gone to the market ?
  • Have you taken your meals?
  • Have they lent you any money?
  • Has the girl finished her work?

Similarly in interrogative negative sentences, “Has” “Have” is used before the subject and not issued before third form of verb.

For Example:

  • Have you not gone to school today?
  • Has she not finished her work ?
  • Have I not consulted you?
  • Have the girls not sung a song?



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